His reaction came a few hours after Trump said he had ordered Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to "substantially" increase economic sanctions on the Islamic Republic.
They also threatened the United Arab Emirates - a key member of the Saudi-led coalition fighting the Shiite rebels - with strikes against "towers made of glass that can not withstand one drone", in apparent reference to the glitzy cities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi.
Proof of Iranian responsibility and evidence that the attack was launched from Iranian territory could pressure Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia and Washington, which want to curb Iranian influence in the region, into a response.
The United Arab Emirates says it has joined a USA -led coalition to protect waterways across the Mideast after an attack on Saudi oil installations.
In response, Zarif said: "They're making that up". In June, after Iran shot down an American surveillance drone, Trump initially endorsed a retaliatory military strike then abruptly called it off because he said it would have killed dozens of Iranians.
The UAE said it had joined a US -led coalition to protect waterways across the Middle East after the attack in Saudi Arabia.
The strikes caused a major disruption in the oil market with the sharpest surge in prices since for at least 30 years.
Tehran-linked Houthi rebels in Saudi Arabia's southern neighbour Yemen have claimed responsibility, but both Washington and Riyadh have said the operation was beyond the insurgents' capabilities. Iran has said the Iranian leader has yet to receive a visa for the trip.
"When missiles hit another country, it is an act of war, but we have to go back to the principle of de-escalation", French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said.
With this strategy in mind, it is clear why Iran chose to raise the stakes by attacking a facility like Abqaiq.
Malki said Thursday's foiled attack represented a threat to regional and worldwide security and the safety of maritime routes and global trade.
It's also a complaint Acting Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Joseph Maguire declined to hand over to Congress . Given the president's obvious limitations, the number of people likely to find this persuasive is small.
He has also been the only USA official consistently working on releasing Americans imprisoned in Iran. Unlike other high-level cabinet positions, Trump's selection does not require Senate confirmation.
USA secretary of state Mike Pompeo also said "emerging information indicates that responsibility lies with Iran". Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman said about the state-owned Saudi Aramco, which was the target of the attacks.